“I am…” (8:48-59)

I am

John 8 feels like one big long argument between Jesus and the Jewish people that seemed hell bent on discrediting him and all that he was teaching. This is of course because Jesus has been making claims that he is the one sent from God, and, in the last passage, he has even called into question their very identity as descendants of Abraham. In this particular passage the dispute, which has been raging through the chapter, rises to a jaw dropping climactic moment when Jesus pretty much seals his fate by uttering two tiny words.

You will remember that Jesus previously had said that if these believers fully believed him, and were truly his disciples that they would experience the truth and the truth would set them free. That particular passage ended with Jesus saying that the reason they could not make sense of what he was saying was that they did not really know God. It is fair to say that Jesus had insulted them in that exchange and so it is unsurprising that this next section opens up with them returning the insult: “Aren’t we right in saying that you are a Samaritan and demon-possessed?”

Jesus does not rise to their bait in the exchange and chooses instead to continue to try and prove to them/convince them that he is who he says he is – God’s sent one. He takes his argument a stage further in this passage. He is no longer simply saying that following him will set you free. Now Jesus is saying that if these folks follow him and obey his word will never taste death. This was way too much for the feeble minds of these Jewish followers to conceive. No one can get out of tasting death. No-one – not even the heroes of their tradition had avoided death – Abraham, all the prophets…all of them had succumbed to death just like every other human. What Jesus was saying now was too much for them. Who on earth did Jesus think he was?

Again, Jesus does not rise to the point they are making. He simply continues to offer his testimony. Jesus is under no pressure here. His only work is to glorify God, and that is all that he seeks to do. Again taunts them by questioning whether or not they really do know God in the way their father, Abraham, knew God. Abraham rejoiced at hearing from God – but they cannot even seem to hear God through what Jesus is saying. They cannot even seem to fathom that God might be right there with them in this moment.

Then comes the crescendo moment. These followers have absolutely had enough. This young teacher/preacher is going too far. And what can he know about Abraham anyway: “You are not yet 50 years old…and you have seen Abraham.”

The next words of Jesus are huge:

“Very truly I tell you, before Abraham was born, I am!”

In my mind, as I imagine the last two words of that sentence being uttered I imagine it being a complete sucker punch to the Jewish descendants of Abraham. There is a silence that only lasts for a couple of seconds, but seems to last for an eternity. Did he really just say that? Did he really just self reference himself as “I am”? Does he know how serious a claim that is? Does he know how blasphemous that is?


Yes he does.

For any human to claim that they are God was too much. “I am” was the name God used for God-self in the the Exodus story. To even utter the words was considered blasphemous. So you can imagine the utter shock of this moment, and you can understand why these men picked up stones and were ready to kill Jesus there and then.

Why would Jesus say this?

Because Jesus is who he says he is.

Jesus is the word of God made flesh.
Jesus is the light in the darkness.
Jesus is the living water.
Jesus is the bread of life.
Jesus is the light of the world.
Jesus is the Messiah sent by God.

Jesus is who he says he is and that means Jesus has the power to do what he came to do: heal the sick, bind up the broken, announce, enact, and embody the kingdom of God, save the lost, defeat death, and cancel the power of sin.

The fact that Jesus is who he says he is is exceedingly good news for us all. Will you believe him today?

Who are you? (8:21-30)

Again, I offer up my apologies for not being able to update this for over a week. There has been so much to take in and so much going on around us in the USA that I have been distracted from writing. Please bear with me as I find some kind of rhythm of writing again.

“Who are ya?
Who are ya?
Who are ya?”

Who are ya

I have followed English soccer for pretty much my entire life. The fortunes of my beloved Liverpool Football Club have not been great since I was around 10 years old, which, at times, has made following English soccer quite frustrating indeed. One of the great things about English soccer is the interaction of the crowds who gather at the games. On occasion a big name team will be pitted against a team of much smaller stature, and sometimes on these occasions the big team will fail to perform well and the lesser team will score a famous underdog victory. In moments like these sometimes the the crowd will break into the chant I have typed above. It is chanted as a taunt to the bigger club and their fans as the fans of the smaller club point out that they are failing to live up to their reputation. The fans of the smaller club are calling into dispute the perceived superiority of the larger, more successful club.

“Who are ya?
Who are ya?
Who are ya?”

So far in this gospel narrative, John has been at work to convince his readers that Jesus is who he says he is: Light in the darkness, God’s own Son, the Word of God made flesh. In this short passage that very identity of Jesus is being called into question again. It is a “Who are ya?” kind of moment. The Jews are grappling with the words of Jesus and wondering what it is that he means. If you are paying attention in John’s gospel you will know that this is not a new thing – remember in chapter 3 when the Pharisee Nicodemus had trouble understanding what Jesus meant when he said that if anyone wanted to see the Kingdom then he or she must be born again. Nicodemus had to grapple with the things that Jesus was saying. And here we are again in chapter 8 with the Jews again struggling with the things that Jesus says to them. In many ways this section is a microcosm of the entire story of John’s gospel – the story of Jesus declaring to the Jews (and the world) just who he is and them absolutely struggling to understand (or point blank refusing to understand sometimes.)

“Who are you?” they asked in verse 25? And Jesus replies by telling them again: “I am who I have been telling you I am since the beginning – the Word made flesh, the one sent by the Father…the Messiah”

Jesus went on to tell them that while they maybe did not get it right now, there would come a time in the future when they would get it. “When you have lifted up the Son of Man.” Of course this is a reference to what will happen later on in Jesus’ story when he will be lifted up on the cross, and it is a reference to the fact that the Jews will have a role to play in that (“When YOU have lifted up…”) Jesus has come as the Messiah for Israel; for the Jewish people and ultimately they will reject the one sent for them. Can you hear the echo of that prologue ringing: “He was in the world, and though the world was made through him, the world did not recognize him. He came to that which was his own, but his own did not receive him.” (John 1:10-11)

As Tom Wright rightly points out – this is the tragedy at the heart of the Jesus narrative: that Jesus came to redeem and restore God’s own people; that Jesus was sent by God to do that work for those people and they did not even recognize their own God among them. The tragedy is that God’s own people were unable to recognize God with them.

I am not sure that things have changed that much in the 21st century in that folks still have trouble recognizing God in the world around them. Or folks maybe do see or hear from God and they are left scratching their heads and saying: “Who are you?” SO let me close this little note out by making it quite clear (warning – you might have heard me say this before!):

Jesus is the light in the darkness.
Jesus is the Word of God made flesh.
Jesus is the Chosen One sent by God.
Jesus is the bread of life.
Jesus is the light of the world.
Jesus is God’s own Son sent so that whoever believes in him will not perish but will have everlasting life.

That’s who Jesus is for you, for me, and for all humanity.
He has come into the world not to condemn it, but so that through him we might each be saved.
He has come to do a work of reconciliation – between God and humans, and between humans and other humans.
He has come to redeem and restore all the broken things in this world.

We know longer need to have “Who are ya?” moments. Jesus has made it abundantly clear who is is and why he came to live, and eat, and breathe, and sleep, and laugh, and cry among us. So stop what you are doing now and take a moment to take that in. Jesus is all that he say he is, and Jesus is all that for you and for me and for every other human being.

This is good news worth receiving! Hallelujah!

I am the Light of the world (8:12-20)

Between 2003 and 2006 my wife and I lived for three very happy years in a town called Port Saint Lucie in Florida. I had been hired as the Youth and Children’s Ministry Director there and enjoyed great fellowship and some real fruitfulness in ministry too. One of the lasting memories of that time for me is how we would welcome new people and visitors to the church. At each service those who were visiting our church for the very first time would be invited to stand up and introduce themselves. They would tell us their names and where they were visiting from and one of the ushers in the service would scurry towards them with a little welcome pack that included some information regarding the life of our church, some candy, a mug and a candle. The candle was the centerpiece of the gift. After everyone had introduced themselves, Renee, our Pastor would explain what had just been given to them and would leave the explanation of the candle to the end. She would say a few words about Jesus being the light and would always finish that little section of what she was saying with these words: “We give you this candle because…” And right on cue the entire congregation would reply by saying: “Jesus is the Light of the world.” I don’t know if anyone was ever overly impressed, or if that little act of the congregation ever changed anyone’s life, but i know that those words have absolutely stuck with me ever since. Light was the theme of Renee’s ministry. We gave the candles out to new visitors and for those who chose to drive by on Prima Vista Blvd. we erected a lighthouse on the corner of our property – another way of stating that Jesus is the light of the world.

In John 8:12 John records the second of the “I Am…” sayings that are included in his gospel. In chapter 6 Jesus said, “I am the bread of life.” Here Jesus says: “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness but will have the light of life.” Of course, if we have been paying attention since the beginning of the book we will know that light is a prominent description of Jesus in the prologue (“In him was life and that life was the light to all mankind…The light shines in the darkness…The true light that gives light to everyone in the world was coming.”)

The idea of light in darkness is one which always grabs us. Imagine for a moment that you are trapped in a room with no natural light. In that circumstance you are completely lost as to knowing what is around you. Sure, you can feel your way and fumble around to try and work things out but ultimately the first thing you want and need is some form of light. When the light comes in to that dark space everything around you is exposed and illumined. You can see everything that is going on in that space: the places of beauty and comfort and safety, and the places of danger and risk too. When John is describing Jesus as the true light, John is saying that the presence of Jesus in the world is the presence which will expose and illumine everything that is going on in the world.

When Jesus describes himself as the light of the world he is also saying that he has come to expose and illumine everything that is going on in the world. He has come to be the Messiah of Israel, but the presence of light in that darkness is exposing Israel’s shortcomings – they have not and are not living up to that which God called them to. As Tom Wright says: “They had forgotten who their God really was. Their behavior, their attitude, and their ambitions indicated that they didn’t know the one Jesus called ‘Father,’ and that was why they couldn’t recognize him as having come from the Father.” Jesus came to bring light to the world so that all humans could see the world and escape the darkness. How would this come about? Simply, by following Jesus: “Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness but will have the light of life.” By staying close to Christ, we will always be walking in the light, and the darkness will always be exposed.

We all need light. We need light around us to show us the way and to expose everything that lies in the darkness, which might cause us to stumble or fall, and we need light within us too; to expose all the darkness which lies in the corners of our own hearts. Maybe it is time for you to invite the light into your life today. By doing so you will never walk in darkness again.

Let the one without sin cast the first stone (7:53-8:11)

Woman Caught In Adultery

It has been said many times that one should be careful when pointing the finger at another in judgement because each time one finger is pointed there are three pointing right back. In a sense, this is part of the lesson Jesus was teaching in this passage.

The first seven chapters of John’s Gospel have been about Jesus beginning to reveal who he is to those who are following him and those who are challenging him. We have seen a mixture of responses ranging from complete rejection of Jesus and his claims through to acceptance of his claims and willingness to follow him. All the way along John has written in order to convince people that Jesus is exactly who he says he is – light in the darkness, Son of God, Word of God made flesh, but in chapter 8 John is going to take a turn. Having beard witness to who Jesus is, John is now going to begin to bear witness to why it is that Jesus has come; why it is that humanity needs Jesus.

Jesus has returned to the Temple Courts (where the tables had been previously over turned) and was teaching there. In the middle of the lesson the ‘teachers of the Law and the Pharisees’ brought a woman who had been caught in adultery. These men were bringing this woman for no other reason that to try and catch Jesus out. They were not interested in seeing the religious law observed, or even in seeing the woman punished for breaking it. They were simply bringing her there to see what Jesus would do, and they were hoping that Jesus would tell her that her sins were forgiven. Had Jesus done so the teachers of the law and the Pharisees would have been well within their rights to have seized Jesus there and then for his blatant ignoring of the Law of Moses. This action was a devious trap and the woman was being used as a pawn in the bigger mission of these zealous religious leaders.

I always find the next verses a little bit humorous as I imagine the scene playing out. Jesus has been teaching in the Temple Courts, all this commotion has started up around him, and the religious leaders are there questioning him and trying to catch him out…and Jesus just bends down and starts drawing in the sand. No one knows what he was drawing – many speculations have been made, but no-one really knows. The religious leaders are not put off by Jesus’s refusal to pay them any attention and they keep on questioning him:

The Law of Moses says we can stone her! Now what do you say?
The Law of Moses says we can stone her! Now what do you say?
The Law of Moses says we can stone her! Now what do you say?

Finally Jesus stands up and says to them:

“Let any one of you who is without sin be the first to throw a stone at her.”

And then he crouched down again. Slowly, one by one, they each disappeared until none of them was left, only Jesus and the woman. Jesus asks her if any of them condemned her. She replied saying that none had, and then Jesus said that neither did he and that she should go and leave her life of sin behind.

Of course, if we take the woman caught in adultery as the subject of the tale, we see an amazing act of grace and mercy in her life as Jesus refuses to condemn her and send her off to live a new life. But remember, John is taking a turn here. He is beginning to reveal what it is in humanity that needed Jesus the Son of God; the Light in the darkness; the Word made flesh to come in the first place. With being the case then it is not the woman who we need to fix our eyes on in this story, it is the teachers of the Law and the Pharisees who were willing to drag this woman to Jesus, using her to set a trap, hoping that Jesus would fall for it.

Jesus didn’t.

Instead, Jesus took the pointing fingers of these religious leaders and simply reminded them that there were three other fingers pointing back at them. Jesus was not saying that sin is unimportant, far from it. As Tom Wright says: “[Jesus] hasn’t said the Law of Moses was wrong; only that if we’re going to get serious about it, we should all find ourselves guilty.”

Wright goes on:

“…sin does matter…And the sin that matters even more…is the deep-rooted sin which uses the God given law as a means of making oneself out to be righteous, when in fact it is meant to shine the light of God’s judgment into the dark places of the heart.”

You see it? Jesus is pointing to the fact that ALL fall short when it comes to the Law of Moses. ALL have need for sin to be forgiven. ALL have need for a new life. ALL are in the same boat hence ALL ought to be careful about pointing the finger.

As I imagine this scene being played out, I try to imagine which role I would take. If I am honest, more often than not I probably find myself in the group of finger pointing men. If that is true then I am convinced even more of my need for Jesus today and every day in life.

Which role do you see yourself in? Do you have some fingers pointing back at you too?

As we each learn that we are all in the same boat when it comes to sin and the Law, maybe we need to hear those words of Jesus to the woman again:

“Then neither do I condemn you,” Jesus declared. “Go now and leave your life of sin.”

Apologies for the absence…be back soon

Be Back Soon

Just a little word of apology for those who were following along in John’s gospel with me. The Advent/Christmas season tends to be an overly busy one for Pastors. It was definitely a busy one for me. On the back of that I have been in Washington D.C. this past week for classes.

It is my hope to begin post again next week and continue in this journey through John’s Gospel.

I hope that your Advent and Christmas seasons have been seasons filled with all the hope and penetrating love of God.

Back soon!!!

Let anyone who is thirsty come to me and drink (7:25-44)


Like I said in a previous post, if John 6 is a chapter about Jesus making it clear just who he is, then John 7 is a chapter which challenges readers and listeners to start making their mind up about who Jesus is. This section absolutely continues that theme.

What seems clear in John 7 is that the people listening to Jesus knew that they had a decision to make about him. He was clearly making claims about his identity and mission which made the crowds and the authorities sit up and listen, and now the job of those listening was to measure up the things Jesus was saying with the things that they already knew from their religious tradition. The crowds begin to wonder how it is that Jesus can say the things he is saying and not evoke any response from the religious leaders. Naturally the crowd begins to conclude that the leaders have maybe decided that what Jesus is saying is true; that Jesus is the Messiah – but that just doesn’t add up to what they already know. They know, according to their tradition, that when the Messiah comes no one will know where he has come from – but they know where Jesus is from. He is a Galilean! Later on at the end of the passage, it appears that not knowing where the he has come from is not actually a factor in identifying the Messiah because other crowd members are saying that the Messiah will come from the town of David (Bethlehem). Jesus is a Galilean! There is no way he can be the Messiah, right?

In the middle of all this Jesus cries out saying that the crowd clearly know who he is and where he is from (although they seem to have no idea where he was born) but these things are not actually anything to do with his identity as the Messiah. The Messianic identity comes from the fact that he is not doing what he is doing or saying what he is saying on his own authority, but the authority of the One who has sent him. According to Jesus, the problem is not that they do not know him, the problem is that they do not appear to know the One who sent him. They do not know God. Of course this statement infuriates them – no one like to have their faith and belief called into question – and they try to seize Jesus. They can’t get a hand on him because his time has not yet come. Here again John is slipping in another sign for his early readers who might be hearing the story anew for the very first time. The Jewish leaders cannot get a hand on him now because it is not his time – this statement implies that his time will come though. John is saying to his readers that they need to stick with the story because Jesus’s time will come!

Jesus makes the statement to the crowd that he is not going to be around forever and that he has another place to go – a place where they cannot go. When he says this they wonder what it is he is talking about – “Where can he go that we cannot go? Is he going to where the Jews are living among the Greeks?

This passage illustrates one of the biggest obstacles that exists in choosing to follow Christ: Mystery. We do not deal well with mystery and with things that we do not fully understand. This truth can be seen all the way through this text:

Is he the Messiah? Fact Check – No one will know where the Messiah is from, but we know this dude is from Galilee. He is not the Messiah.

Is he the Messiah? Fact Check – The Messiah will come from the town of Bethlehem, but we know this guy is from Galilee. He is not the Messiah.

He says he is going to a place that we cannot go to? Where might this be? Maybe he is going to our people among the Greeks.

At every question mark in this passage, the Jews have to have an answer and if Jesus’ story does not stand well in their established narrative then it is very simple – he’s not the Messiah, he’s a very naughty boy! (Couldn’t resist!) The same applies to most humans I know in the 21st century world too. If we do not have a clearly cut answer to our questions, one which stands well in our established narrative, then we are not satisfied.

But Jesus does not come to merely tick the boxes of our established traditions and narratives.

Jesus comes to establish anew the work of God for all people.
Jesus comes so that all people – ALL PEOPLE – may receive the grace, love and mercy of God.
Jesus comes so that anyone – ANYONE – who is thirsty may come to him and drink.
Jesus comes so that ANYONE can believe in him and see rivers of living water flow forth from their lives.

The problem, it seems, is that humans want Jesus to fit into their neatly squared off boxes, which is preposterous – I mean how can light illuminate the darkness if it is contained and stuck inside a box?

John 7 demands that we begin to allow Jesus to obliterate the narratives and traditions that we have allowed, figuratively speaking, to keep us bound up in chains. For Jesus to do what Jesus has come to do his listeners must allow their pre-established notions to be called into question so that they can freely follow him and walk in his way.

The Face Off (7:14-24)


When I was a teenager I used to catch the bus to visit my friend in his town. he had a bunch of friends that he hung out with there and I enjoyed spending time with them and getting up to mischief. One of those other friends was a guy my age called Roy Essandoh. Roy was a handy footballer (soccer player) and i can remember at the time he was playing for one of the bigger local youth football/soccer teams in Northern Ireland. We all knew he had the potential to play professionally at some level of the game. We hung out a few times, had a few laughs together and that was that. He was a friend of a friend who I knew personally. After a few years the friendships drifted apart and that was that.

Fast forward from those days in the mid-1990’s to 10th March 2001. As usual I was spending time on that Saturday afternoon watching the football/soccer scores come in – I have always had a keen interest in sports. That day, in the soccer/football world, was a day when fixtures were played in the F.A. Cup tournament. The F. A. Cup is a tournament like no other because every single soccer club in England gets to play their part, from the very smallest and least successful clubs through to the largest and most successful clubs. The beauty of the F. A. Cup is that because it pits all levels of clubs against each other, there are times when smaller clubs get everything right on the field and cause an upset by defeating the larger teams. There is always an air of excitement when a fixture takes place between a small club and a big club. That day the smaller club were Wycombe Wanderers F.C., who played in the third their of English football at the time, and they had been pitted against Leicester City who played in the Premier League. Wycombe had succumbed to a bit of an injury crisis in their team and they had a distinct lack of strikers. Their manager, desperate to sign a player in time for the fixture, placed an advert on the national television media service (Ceefax) and hoped for the best. Roy responded to the advert and having literally come from nowhere in footballing terms, he found himself in the match day squad. Not only that, he came into the game as a substitute and with only seconds remaining in the game, he rose above every defender to head the football into the goal and score the winner.

Having come from footballing obscurity, Roy Essandoh’s name was now headlining every single news media outlet. In this footballing equivalent to the David and goliath encounter, Roy was the David and he had absolutely just played the giant. As I watched the results coming in that night, I smiled as I remembered the days that we had all played together as teenagers. If I have piqued your interest you can watch the story told by the players and characters themselves here

Sometimes, just sometimes, individuals come from absolutely nowhere and do something profoundly special and noticeable.

In this passage of John’s Gospel, Jesus arrives from nowhere and pretty much wows the Jews in the Temple Courts.

The Festival of the Tabernacles has been going for 3/4 days now and Jesus has quietly managed to hide his presence there until now. He has decided to go up to the Temple Courts to teach. The text does not say this explicitly, but the teaching of Jesus must have again been significantly strong and on point because the Jews there were left wondering where on earth Jesus had learned the things. Afterall, Jesus is the son of a carpenter, he is not, by upbringing, a part of the educated class in first century middle eastern society. And yet here he is teaching in the Temple Courts, and teaching well enough to make the Jews around him wonder where this teacher with this teaching appeared from.

In response Jesus reminds them that the power behind what he is teaching and saying is not a power that has come from any education system – it has come from the One who sent him. Again, Jesus is making the point that he is who he has been saying he is from the very beginning of the gospel: Son of God, Chosen One, Word become flesh, Light of the world. He is all that he has said he is and because he is sent from God, and the things that he says will always ultimately be found to be true. How does he know this? Where is his proof of this? Simple. Jesus tells the Jews that anyone who wishes to work out whether he is being truthful or not just needs to look at his motives. All that Jesus does and says points away from himself and towards the Father:

“Whoever speaks on their own does so to gain personal glory, but he who seeks the glory of the one who sent him is a man of truth; there is nothing false about him.”

Jesus is all about the business God the Father’s mission. He has been sent by the Father to do the work of the Father and this is his complete focus. The people listening to him are left with the decision as to whether or not Jesus is telling the truth. If John 6 was about Jesus declaring aloud his identity to the Jewish people, then John 7 is Jesus demanding their response to what he said about himself in John 6.

Is Jesus a liar?
Is Jesus delusional?
Or is Jesus Lord.

In John’s gospel the reader is faced with a demand to respond to the claims of Jesus. We either choose to believe him or not. In this passage, Jesus is challenging his listeners to judge him fairly and with integrity because he knows when they do, they will know that his teaching comes from God.

So the question comes before you and me again: Is Jesus liar or Lord? Working out our answer to this question is simply the most important thing that we can do in our lives because the answer we arrive at has the potential to direct every future step we take.

My time is not yet here (7:1-13)


Mo Farah is a uniquely talented British athlete. He has worked, and worked, and worked some more to make his way to the top of the men’s long distance running tables. He is a double Olympic and World Champion in both 5000m and 10000m disciplines. The guy is an amazing ambassador for sport and is a living testament to the power of dedication, determination, and vision in an individual’s life.

Watching him race is absolutely exciting. He is one of those long distance runners who likes to stay at the back of the race until just the right moment. Whether it is 5000m or 10000m he always places himself at the back of the field at the beginning of the race. Then, at just the right time, when the field is breaking up a little, he will take things up a gear and make his way to the group at the front of the field. Then, one more time, at just the right moment (normally with about a lap and a half to go) he will kick into his highest gear and will break away from the group at the front and power himself all the way to the finish line. It is exhilarating to watch each change of pace take place at just the right moment in the race, and for Mo Farah, knowing that exact moment in each race is a vital skill to have.

This passage is all about Jesus knowing just the right moment in his “race.”

After the conversation in the synagogue at Capernaum and the reactions of the Jews to what he had said there, Jesus does not want to make his way to Jerusalem for the Festival of the Tabernacles. This festival was an eight day long gathering of the Jewish community in which they would literally erect tents to live in, eat in, and sleep in. The significance of the tents was that they symbolized a remembrance of the time when their Jewish ancestors lived in tents as they wandered in the wilderness. It was a time of lavish celebration, dancing and feasting for the Jewish people, and, similar to Passover, it was a time when this community collectively looked forward to the time when the ‘Messiah’ would come. The Festival of the Tabernacles was a big deal.

Jesus’ brothers have been watching his ministry unfold and have been seeing the signs he has been performing. They are excited about their brother’s ability to perform these signs, but it appears that even Jesus’s own earthly brothers have failed to understand who their brother was and what he was on earth to do! They are so wrapped up in his abilities to heal people and transform things that they are overly eager for him to go to a bigger town and achieve even more fame. Galilee was a small town and jesus would not, for them, achieve his potential there. They wanted him to head off to the big city so that people there could see what he was capable of. In a sense, their vision for his fame was similar to the visions of fame and fortune that many people have when they pack their bags and head off to Nashville or Hollywood to “make it big” in the industry.

But Jesus knew that this was not his time. In saying as much he was indicating to his brothers, and to you and me as the readers of this gospel, that a time would come when Jesus would make it on a much larger scale. This is another little trick being used by John to keep his readers hooked and wondering where Jesus is headed, what he is going to do when he gets there, and, of course, when exactly this is all going to play out. Of course Jesus’s time would come and it would be in Jerusalem, and it will be during another Jewish festival. We will read more about that later on in the gospel, but for right now this is not his time.

Even though it was not the right time for Jesus to fulfill his ultimate destiny, he did end up secretly going to the Festival of the Tabernacles. While there his assumptions about the intentions of Jewish leaders were proven correct – they were on the look out for him.

In the last two verses of this section John reveals the polarized reactions of the people to the things that Jesus has been saying and doing in his ministry so far. For some Jesus was a good man, and for others Jesus was a deceiver. In the context of a passage which seems to be about the right timing of Jesus’ walk along his path of destiny and purpose, it seems strange that John would put these two verses here, but we must remember that John wastes nothing in his telling of Jesus’ story. For me, John is keeping before before his readers the fact that all of us have a choice to make about Jesus. If he is the word made flesh; if he is the Chosen one of God; if he is the light of the world; if he is the Messiah then we each have a response to make. We can either regard Jesus as a good man who is telling the truth and ought to be believed, or we can regard Jesus as a deceiver who is lying about God and whose words we can reject outright.

John’s purpose in writing this gospel was to identify Jesus as God’s Son, and to challenge his readers to believe in who Jesus is and what he has to say. This was his purpose 2000 years ago and that purpose remains unchanged.

So who is Jesus? Is he liar or Lord? Our answers to this question will indeed direct the next steps of our lives. If John’s gospel is to be believed then the most important thing we can do is to answer this ultimate question by saying that Jesus is Lord, and by dedicating the rest of our lives to following him.

If you can’t take the heat get out of the kitchen (6:60-71)


“This is a hard teaching. Who can accept it?”

On the back of Jesus’ ‘bread of life/eat my flesh, drink my blood’ statements some of his followers were having difficulty with what had been said. For you and me, reading this text 2000 years later away from the context of first century ancient middle eastern religious norms, that difficulty might be a literal difficulty in understanding. But that is not the case here. The conversation in the previous verses took place in the synagogue. jesus was talking with people who would have been well able to understand exactly what he was saying. No this was not hard in the sense that reading the works of Chaucer or doing calculus can be hard, this teaching was hard because it was demanding and it was taking them out of their comfort zones. Religious people (yes – that includes you and me) are generally very similar in this regard in that we have comfort zones of established belief and teaching that we have become happy with in our lives. When someone comes along and begins to say or teach something different; something which might stretch us or our established religion in a new direction we have a tendency to be extremely uncomfortable with it. It is difficult teaching. For example when mainline churches began to ordain women to ministry it was (and somehow remains to be) considered difficult teaching – so difficult that some folks left churches. It was hard teaching pulling them in a direction they felt they could not go in.

Remember Jesus is saying that he is the one chosen and sent of God. Jesus is saying that he is the Word made flesh. The folks listening to him were ready for another Moses, they were even ready for a kingly leader who might lead them in a political charge, but a carpenter’s son from Nazareth as the Messiah of God? That was a stretch too far for some of them. Jesus tries again to explain to them what is going on. The leader they are looking for – an earthly, worldly, political, kingly leader – is not the leader that’s coming because this work of God is a work of the Spirit. It is the Spirit who gives life. The flesh gives nothing. As he will say in a few chapters time, Jesus has come from God to bring life in all its fullness. The words that he has been speaking are words full of the Spirit and life.

Jesus’ words were too much for some. They walked away and no longer followed him choosing instead to go back to the comfort zones of their familiar old story. Having witnessed Jesus’ signs, and having heard his teaching some people walked away deciding that it was just too much for them. In response to this Jesus turned to his other disciples and asked them if they wanted to walk away too. It was Peter who spoke up on their behalf (as he so often did) and said:

“Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of life. We have come to believe and to know that you are the holy one of God.”

I think that these are some of the most powerful words that any of the disciples speak in the entirety of the gospels. They are a declaration of understanding and complete commitment. In uttering these words, Peter is saying that he and the other disciples get it. They know that Jesus is who he says he is. They have intellectually assented – agreed that Jesus is the Messiah, AND they are saying that they are ‘all in’ because believing that Jesus is the Messiah leaves them no other option but to be all in – “Where else can we go?

I hope that, if nothing else, these opening 6 chapters of John’s gospel have made you think again about who Jesus is and just what it means for him to be the Word made flesh. Perhaps some of the significance of Jesus’ identity has been lost on us as we have become used to the story we grew up hearing, and have allowed it to become nothing more than a familiar fable that teaches a good moral. Perhaps the good news of the Word becoming flesh has lost some of it’s potency in our lives. If that is the case then we need to stop here for a moment.


Stop for a moment, close your eyes and focus your thoughts on Jesus.
Think intentionally about all that we have been learning about in these opening 6 chapters:

Jesus is not merely a carpenter’s son.
Jesus is not just another good moral teacher.
Jesus is not a preacher telling the same old story.

Jesus is the Word of God
Jesus is the light in the darkness.
Jesus is the Chosen One of God
Jesus is the Messiah sent by God to reconcile all things to God.

Jesus is here to announce and enact the rule of God over all the earth.
Jesus is here to announce again and enact the very heart of God for God’s people – that we would walk in new life.

New life.

Jesus is calling all people, including you and me, to follow him in this world; to join Him in being light in the darkness; to live distinctively and differently, modeling the kingdom of God.

If you and I have lost that vision of Jesus; if we have become stale and allowed Jesus to become just another character in a moral story that we like, then we need to stop and ask Jesus to do a work in us so that we can join in with Peter and say:

“Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of life. We have come to believe and to know that you are the holy one of God.”

Either the teaching and demands of Jesus are too much for us and we walk away, or the teaching and demands of Jesus are the only place that we can come to, and we must surrender to him as the Word made flesh and go ‘all in.’

There is no in between.

Which way will we go?

Whoever feeds on this bread will live forever (6:37-59)


To me, there are two types of people in the world. Firstly there are those people in the world who possess the ability to simply answer a request with a yes or with a no and nothing else. Secondly there are those people in the world who do not possess the ability to simply answer a request with a yes or with a no; those who feel that a yes or a no must be backed up with a full explanation for the reasoning behind the yes or the no. This passage is an example of Jesus fully explaining himself and the things he has just said.

Having just stated that he is the bread of life and that whoever believes in him will never hunger or thirst, Jesus seems compelled to tease it out a little further because these people he is speaking to keep hearing and seeing who he is and what he does and still they do not believe. They do not believe that he has been sent by God. They do not believe that he is God’s chosen one. They do not believe that he is the Messiah sent from heaven.

But he is.

He has come down from heaven to do the will of God, and the will of God is that all people accept what God is up to – fulfilling all that has already been promised to them and to their ancestors by sending the Son to move among them; to show them the way to everlasting life.

As Jesus explains this the Jews, who are full of doubt and suspicion about what he is saying, begin to grumble and moan: “How can he even be the bread sent down from heaven? Is he not Joseph’s son? We know the family – this guy has not been sent from God.”

Jesus is quick to stop them in their tracks. He tells them that no one can come to him unless the Father draws them because, as the Prophets say, ‘they will be taught by God!’ If God has been at work within them, if people have heard God in their lives and made room for God in their hearts then they will know that Jesus is not deceiving them.

Jesus is the one who has seen the Father. Jesus is the one who knows the Father intimately. Remember the beginning of this gospel – it says in the opening verse that Jesus, the Word of God, was there in the very beginning with God. Jesus knows God and knows what God’s mission is because Jesus, as John has stated from the beginning, is God. The mysterious and unfathomable nature of that statement does not in any way take away from its truth. Jesus is the very image of the invisible God, the only one to have seen God and therefore Jesus is uniquely qualified to say the things that he is saying.

Jesus is the bread of heaven sent down to nourish and save the soul of humankind, and the ones who believe this will have eternal life.

Having said this, Jesus then starts to change up the language a little as he moves the imagery from that of bread to that of flesh, namely his flesh. He says that the bread of life is his flesh which he will give for the world. In dropping this in here, John is creating another signpost for what is to come later in his gospel. The Jews are again confused and ask how it is that Jesus will give them his flesh to eat, to which Jesus simply responds by telling them that if they do not eat of his flesh and drink of his blood then they will have no life in them. In the same way that Jesus says he is in the Father and the Father is in him, so to are these Jews (and every one else) invited to experience a similar intimacy by receiving all that Jesus is giving (his whole self): “Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me and I in them.

All this talk of blood and flesh can, of course, be off putting for any reader, but please, take a minute to hear the invitation of Jesus in what he is saying here because it is simply an extension of what he has been saying all the way though John’s gospel so far:

He is the Son of God.
He is the one Chosen and sent by God.
He is the Word of God made flesh.
He is the light which will persistently shines in the darkness.

I know…I know I keep saying that again and again in these reflections, but it is impossible to read this gospel and not keep coming back to these statements over and over again. Jesus is all of the above and Jesus has been sent by God to fulfill the mission of God in the world. He is the bread of life sent from God and he is able to nourish and sustain all who come and partake.

For millennia people have struggled to understand the significance of this and even more so to receive it for themselves.

Maybe you are one of them?

If you are struggling to receive Christ at his word; if you are struggling to make sense of what he says then please hear this:

Your job is not to understand it fully.
Your job is simply to take Christ at his word, receive the invitation he has made to each of us, and invite him to remain in us.
Your job is to allow all the fulness of God to dwell richly within you and experience the newness of life that only God bring.

Will you take Christ at his word today?